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Home >> Members >> Equinet Members >> Czech Republic >> Public Defender of Rights

Public Defender of Rights

CZECH REPUBLIC: Public Defender of Rights

Main Informations


The institution of the Public Defender of Rights (Ombudsman) was founded in 2001. Its main task is to defend the good governance principles. Since 2009 the Public Defender of Rights is the National Equality Body and its vision is based on 3 pillars: “to inform, to educate and to help”. The Office of the Public Defender of Rights deals annually with approx. 8000 files, approx. 380 of them contain a discriminatory element.

Brief history

The Public Defender of Rights has been a national equality body pursuant to the law and applicable directives of the European Union since 2009. The Act on the Public Defender of Rights stipulates: ‘The Defender shall contribute to promotion of the right to equal treatment of all persons regardless of their race or ethnic origin, nationality, sex, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, belief or opinions.’

The Ombudsman provides a complex legal support and assistance to victims of discrimination. The Defender cooperates with an NGO providing pro bono help ( . The Defender cooperates with the inspection bodies. The Defender also holds educational events for the main stakeholders, experts, and general public. The Defender also publishes “Recommendations on non-discrimination”. The recommendations are focused on the public and are statements of the Defender to different phenomena related with discrimination. The Defender is also responsible for research activities.

Mandate type
  • Predominantly promotion-type and legal support body
Litigation powers
  • Formally deciding on complaints (e.g. decision or recommendation addressed to the parties) Not legally binding
  • Challenging bylaws before Constitutional Court, Intervening as a party to the proceedings before Constituitional Court, Challenging decisions fo administrative bodies before administrative courts
Activities aimed at supporting vulnerable groups (e.g. through trainings)noyesyesyesyesyesnononono
Activities aimed at supporting duty bearers such as employers and service providers (e.g. through trainings, guidance material, practical support, etc.)noyesyesyesyesyesnononono
Communication activities (e.g. awareness raising campaigns)noyesyesyesyesyesnononono
Recommendations on discrimination issuesnoyesyesyesyesyesnononono
Publications and reportsnoyesyesyesyesyesnononono
Research projects (including surveys)noyesyesyesyesyesnononono
Our institution has a mandate to deal with:
  • National Preventive Mechanism (NPM), Monitoring of Forced Returns
Other statistics
Number of inquiries handled per year (all contact even if not resulting in a formal complaint)176271253360332379no datano datano datano data
Number of cases handled per year (case files opened and processed according to your procedures)no datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano data
Number of media appearances per year (major newspapers/magazines/websites/blogs, TV + radio channels) - does not include social media562240344829448047934806no datano datano datano data
  • Single headed equality body (led by director or ombudsman/commissioner)
Management details

The Head of the Czech Equality Body is the Public Defender of Rights (Ombudsman). The Defender has its Deputy Defender. The Defender may delegate part of his/her mandate to the Deputy. The Defender’s tasks are carried out by the Office of the Public Defender of Rights.

Additional details

The Office of the Public Defender of Rights has 130 employees. The protection against discrimination is ensured by the Division of Equal Treatment established within the Office. The Department has 11 employees - senior legal officers (one employee works part-time). One researcher (part-time) designs and undertakes surveys, one employee (part-time) is in charge of foreign affairs and social media. Two employees (full-time) work as spokespersons.

Procedure for nomination and appointment of management and board

The Ombudsman is elected by the Chamber of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Parliament. Two candidates are nominated by the President of the Republic and other two by the Senate. The term of office lasts six years. Two consecutive terms are possible.

Number of staff dealing with equality issues
666611.510.5no datano datano datano data
Grounds and fields of discrimination covered by the equality body
Grounds / FieldsEmploymentEducationHousingSocial Protection & HealthcareGoods & ServicesOther
Gender Identityyesyesyesyesyes
Race and Ethnic Originyesyesyesyesyes
Sexual Orientationyesyesyesyesyes
Religion & Beliefyesyesyesyesyes

Other grounds : The list of protected grounds is broader in other legal Acts (language, political opinion, national or social origin). The protection against discrimination is entrusted to administrative bodies (Labour Inspectorate, School Inspectorate etc.) and the Defender can open an inquiery when administrative bodies do not protect other grounds sufficiently.

Mandate covers:
  • Public sector
  • Private sector
Operating budget in euros
no data34290003347000352800038660004332296no datano datano datano data
Operating budget in euros for the parts of the organisation dealing with equality issues (all types of functions).
no datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano datano data
We are accountable to:
  • National Parliament

Related News

Equinet Calendar 2017

January 13th 2017

Equinet celebrates its 10th birthday this year! As a celebratory gesture, we have put together a 2017 calendar highlighting the work of some of our members across Europe.


Our colleagues at the Public Defender of Rights in the Czech Republic are the second of our members to take over the Equinet Twitter account (@equineteurope) as part of our #MeetNEBs campaign.


This Report deals with the 2016 activities of the Czech Public Defender of Rights, as the national equality body. Apart from its national engagements, it has a focus on standards for equality bodies, and highlights its rich participation in the Equinet network.


This capacity building training session for staff members of equality bodies aimed to support equality body staff in tackling equal pay cases, covering the main tools and opening up a space for equality body staff to discuss the main challenges.


Czech Ombudsman Anna Šabatová and Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights Nils Muižnieks on inclusive education in the Czech Republic.



The Public Defender of Rights in Czech Republic has published a Summary Report on the protection against discrimination in 2017.


The Czech Public Defender of Rights published its annual report for the year 2018. Although the number of complaints received have slightly dropped in the last year, many challenges remain particularly in regard to age discrimination. The Czech equality body thus chose discrimination on the ground of age as its "Topic of the Year" to raise awareness on the issue. The report also details its legal support and promotion work to advance a more equal society.


Back to European Directory of Equality Bodies

General Contact Information

Full name in English:

Public Defender of Rights

Full name in the national language(s):

Veřejný ochránce práv

Postal address:
Údolní 39 602 00 Brno Czech Republic

General email address:

(+420) 542 542 888

Telephone number:

(+420) 542 542 111


Other social media channels:

Languages in which your institution can be contacted:

Czech, Slovak, English, other (get translated)

Person of contact for media enquiries:

Ms. Iva Hrazdílková [(+420) 542 542 775,]

Name of the Head of the equality body:

Mrs. Anna Šabatová

Engagement with Equinet

Contact Person


Mr. Petr Polák, Head of Division of Equal Treatment